SHARK-I SS174
U.S.S. SHARK-I SS 174
 ON ETERNAL PATROL
Class: Porpoise, P-3 Type.
(Occasionally referred to as the Shark class by mistake.)
Displacement: Surfaced 1,361 tons, Submnerged 1,968 tons'
Dimensions: Length 291.1 feet, Beam 25.1 feet, Draft 13.8 feet
Speed: Surfaced 19.5 knots, Submerged 8.2 knots.
Torpedo Armament: 4 Forward and 2 Aft 21-inch Torpedo Tubes
(Two of her Forward Tubes are often cited as "Deck" but this is improbable.)
Deck Armament: A 3"/50 Caliber Deck Gun, 50 and 30 Caliber Machine Guns
Keel laid: October 24, 1933, at Electric Boat Company, Groton, CT
Launched: May 21, 1935, and Sponsored by Ms. Ruth Ellen Lonergan
(A 12-year old daughter of US Senator A. Lonergan of Connecticut.)
Commissioned: January 25, 1936, and commanded by Lt. Charles J. Carter
Complement: Normally; 5 Officers, 45 Enlisted Men


Shark-I Patch       The 5th USS Shark, SS-174, a submarine, operated in the North Atlantic and the Caribbean until she was dispatched to the Pacific through the Panama Canal into San Diego, California; arriving there March 4, 1937. The Shark spent the next year and a half in training exercises and Army-Navy war problems as a unit of Submarine Squadron 6 (SubRon6). Following a regular overhaul at Mare Island Navy Yard (Vallejo, California) she got underway from San Diego on December 16, 1938, for Pearl Harbor and reassignment to SubRon4, with LCDR Louis Shane, Jr., in command.


      Following two years of operations in the Hawaii area, the Shark set sail from Pearl Harbor on December 3, 1940, to join the Asiatic Fleet at Manila, Philippine Islands; and there was engaged in fleet tactics and exercises until the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. She departed Manila on December 9, 1941, and was at sea during the Japanese bombing raids on Manila the next day. For the next week she patrolled Tayabas Bay until ordered back to Manila on the 19th of December to take Admiral Thomas C. Hart, Commander-In-Chief of the U.S. Asiatic Fleet (ComSubAF), to Soerabaja (now named Surabaya (also where Emilia Earhart stopped on her fated flight on Jane 25, 1937), Java, in the (then) Dutch East Indies.
      After having transported Admiral Hart and other officials to Soerabaja the Shark departed on January 5, 1942, for her second war patrol. She experienced a torpedo miss that was fired at her by an enemy submarine.
WP Insignia
      In anticipation of an enemy attack at Ambon (Ambiona), Maluku Province (Indonesia), ComSubAF directed the Shark to contact Dutch submarines at the harbor entrance of that island. On January 25, 1942, she was advised that heavy air raids on Ambon might indicate an enemy landing force moving to that island. Two days later she was ordered to take station as part of a submarine group reconnoitering a major enemy move through Molukka Passage. On January 29, because another move toward Ambon was indicated, she was ordered to cover the passage to the east of Lifeomatalo. The next day this area was enlarged to include that area around the Banka Passage. On February 2, the Shark reported to Soerabaja that she had been depth charged 10 miles off of Tifore Island and that she had missed on one torpedo attack.
      Five days later the Shark reported an empty enemy cargo ship heading northeast. In response Soerabaja pointed out that such transmissions contained little information in appraising the situation; and that they might very possibly reveal to the enemy a position to avoid. No further messages were received from the Shark. She was told, on February 8, to proceed to Makassar Strait via the north coast and later to report information. Nothing further was heard from the Shark and on March 7, 1942, she was reported as presumed lost.
      A Japanese report of antisubmarine attacks, now available, records at least three which might have been on the Shark. The most likely to have terminated her was on February 11, 1942, by depth charge from the destroyer Yamakaze, east of Menado in the northern Celebes since she had been ordered to this location. The exact attack, however, cannot be determined due to the activity in the area and the lack of accurate Japanese records at the beginning of the war.
      The USS Shark (SS-174) received one battle star for World War II service. As she was lost with all souls onboard she is considered to be on Eternal Patrol. Although she is not on the active list of ships she has never been decommissioned.
Gold Star

Lost At Sea February 11, 1942, By Depth Charge.

      Those Listed as Lost at Sea when Shark-I was placed on Eternal Patrol as well as other information can be found on Submarine Losses, SS174 from the Navy Department Library.


Struck From the Navy List June 24, 1942. ON ETERNAL PATROL.



 
 
DISCOVERY MATERIALS ... 58 Submarine Heroes Lost on USS SHARK-I, SS-174
Reference Material Text The Dictionary of American Navy Fighting Ships, Shark V.
Reference Material Text Photos Limks Naval Photo Achieves, Shark-I, ss-174.
Of Interest Material Text Photos Crew and On-Board Photographs.
Of Interest Material Text Photos Dutch East Indies Submarines, Indonesia, 1941-1942. (Wikipedia)
Of Interest Material Map Location of Soerabaja (Surabaya), Indonesia; a submarine command location
Of Interest Material Text Shark-I operating areas; the Banda Sea, Ambon (Ambiona), East Timor; and the Celebes Sea west of Menado where probably lost to the Japanese Destroyer Yamakaze.
Of Interest Material Text World War II Naval Glossary and Terminology./a>
 
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