I CHING, The Illustrated Primer. Copyright 1986 - 2013; Barry R. Trosper; California, USA.
from I Ching, the Illustrated Primer ISBN 0-939231-01-8 and ISBN 0-939231-02-6. (IChing82)
  RedChars       The material in I Ching, The Illustrated Primer has been prepared as a representation of the intellectual and philosophical aspects associated with the I Ching. Since the I CHING is based upon philosophies that have been studied and followed in the Orient for nearly 5000 years, we ask the reader to note that it may often be difficult to understand the cultural aspects without also appreciating other cultural issues, either from ancient or modern times as well.
      During our course of transalation, transliteration and interpretation of this material the authors experienced many significantly different aspects relating to conduct. We have attempted to relate these in the Occidental wordings of the original text, but seldom do the literal translations express the thought in an Occidental way, and interpretive translations are often elusive without study and meditation.
      As a simple example, the DRAGON, from the Occidental viewpoint, is thought of as a fierce and destructive creative requiring severe methods to subdue. But in the Orient the DRAGON is viewed as a highly charged energy source associated with wisdom, justice, proper conduct, and success.
      Not so simply related, however, is the Oriental concept of MODESTY. Although mention is made of this clash in Step 3 of I CHING, The Illustrated Primer regarding Hexagram Number 15, CH'IEN, MODESTY, its significance justifies duplication here. From the Oriental viewpont it represents a positive and unpretentious attitude of self-effacement being a virtue of the highest order associated with Good Fortune. But from the Occidental viewpoint it frequently represents shy retirement and possibly meager positions.
      To derive the full value from the the I CHING it will often be necessary to abandon preconceived notions about words and the thoughts they represent. For this reason you will find a VOCABULARY at this site which relates to our publication I CHING, The Illustrated Primer. In addition to DRAGON and MODESTY, we have included such words and phrases as SUCCESS, GOOD FORTUNE, and BLAME, as well as some of their modifications, since these words are frequently transalated in this material when they enhance the circumstances to which they relate.
      When so understood, the I CHING is a fascinating text --- available to persons of free and intelligent will for individual improvement and enhancement, as well as a powerful aid in meditaion.
      We have also avoided detailed derivations of the TRIGRAM and HEXAGRAM constructions, which are generally cultural in nature, and have presented only the most salient points. Many fine authors have preceded this work with more detailed explanantions, and for deeper understanding of these concepts the Player is referred to the many works which explain such construction in detail and are available in bookstores and libraries throughout the world.
      The illustrations, designs, and original bordering of this site have also been prepared to be culturally correct, either as the direct effort of Artist/Illustrator Ken C. Yang, or under his specific direction, and generally relate to the form and style associated with 1200 B.C.

yinyanga Representation of the I CHING Duality
      The dualism concept of the two primal forces, Creative Power and Natural Strength, can be best related as co-existence in the same manner that opposite ends of a magnet co-exist. The total positive resides at one end, whole the total negative resides at the other, and varying intensities exist in between. Neither force can be represented as better or worse that the other, as they are both equally required for the balance required by nature.
      CH'IEN, The Creative Power, Yang, is symbolized by a Solid bar --- Yang Bar and representes the male of a species. It has been assigned the attributes of Heavan, Light, and Positive. Like one end of the magnet, it combines with the opposite Primal Force, K'UN.
      K'UN, Natural Strength, Yin, is symbolized by a Broken Bar --- Yin Bar and represents the female of a species. It has been assigned the attributes of Earth, Dark, and Negative. Again, like one end of a magnet, it combines with the opposite Primal Force, CH'IEN.
      CH'IEN and K'UN (Yang and Yin) join and originate the I CHING as complements to each other, and their profound examples serve as lessons illustrating how one may achieve the superior life of a Superior Person. When the two Primal Forces are represented as being combined together, CH'IEN-K'UN, the meaning is interpreted as "Universe," and represents all the extremes; Heaven-Earth, Light-Dark, Positive-Negative, Male-Female, and all intensities which can be found existing between them.

yinyanga  Our Usage of the Chinese Language
      Our text uses a modification of the Wade-Giles system of Romanization of the Chinese characters. Not only is it the most widely used in texts relating to the I CHING material, but also best conforms to "Western" printing and display devices. In modifying the Wade-Giles system we have dropped the representation of inflected vowels. The Occidental user has available many other texts to enhance the understanding of the Oriental languages which our text does not address. The Chinese character depictions are carried into this site as a matter of cultural appreciation.
      The extreme differences between Mandarin and Cantonese pronunciation cannot be simply expressed, and over 800 dialects of the Chinese language actually exist. It is indeed remarkable that the characters share the same meaning in nearly all the dialects --- and even translate nearly the same in Japanese in spite of the differences in pronunciation.

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